Posted by: smstrouse | May 2, 2015

Incarnation Is You & Me

Hildegard-of-Bingen3-195x300Incarnation is one of those funny church words we throw around a lot. But what does it mean, really? We hear it a lot around Christmastime in reference to “the Word was made flesh,” but then we move on to other theological mysteries.

In our “Saving Jesus” session last week, we were amused by one presenter’s use of the name “Jesus con carne,” meaning that God was made flesh. But the main point was that incarnation isn’t just something that happened 2000 years ago, but happens when we are open to the Divine spirit in us. Also, we are reminded that each and every other person is the presence of Christ. In other words, we are all connected to one another in both our humanity and in the Divine Presence that dwells within us. Granted we are aware and responsive to this Presence in varying degrees. Still, it causes me (in my better moments) to stop and think before I judge someone as outside my sphere of interest.

And to care about people I will never meet, but who are intimately connected to me in a web of incarnational life:

  • Protesters in Baltimore, State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby, all those advocating for justice in all communities – as well as those resorting to violence and looting
  • Police officers who abide by regulations, as well as those who use their power to inflict suffering
  • Girls kidnapped in Nigeria, as well as their captors
  • The people of Nepal, rescue workers and victims’ families, as well as climbers who have made Mt. Everest the “highest garbage dump” in the world

Incarnational life isn’t about caring only for the lovable or the just. It also isn’t about letting injustice go unpunished. It is about honoring our common humanity and working together for the good of all.

This past week I attended a seminar on homelessness in San Francisco. One of the key messages I heard from both agency officials and from people who used to be on the street was that homeless people are often treated as if they’re not human. Even if we can’t provide someone with what they want or need, we can look at them, speak to them, smile at them – look upon them as the face of Christ, which they are.

Is incarnational life easy? No. It would be simpler to keep it as a Christmas thing that we can out away with the creche. Out of sight, out of mind. But instead, we’re supposed to be Jesus con carne. We’re the ones who carry Divine compassion and justice to the world around us.

Posted by: smstrouse | April 18, 2015

Christ is Not Jesus’ Last Name!


In my last post I wrote about the relevance of Jesus for the 21st century and asked the question: which Jesus? This week, I’ve been thinking about the post-Easter Jesus, that is the Jesus who’s obviously no longer with us in any of those pre-Easter physical forms.

Actually, I prefer the name “The Christ of Faith” over “The Post-Easter Jesus” because it differentiates between the man who was born into a particular place and time and the Christ which is a reality bigger than space and time. Jesus exuded (manifested, incarnated) this Divine Presence, but the Christ (Logos, Tao) is not confined to one person. So it makes sense that, although Jesus the man died, the Christ lives on. images

So when I see pictures of the post-Easter Jesus as a man rising on clouds, wearing a crown or any anthropomorphic imagery, I’m turned off. In Easter, I much prefer abstract art because the cosmic nature of the Christ is beyond my imagination.

ThUnknownis way, too, I can sing hymns like “O Christ-Sophia, Rise” by Jann Aldridge-Clanton which incorporate the feminine person of Wisdom. This in no way diminishes or denigrates the masculinity of Jesus. Rather it allows us to expand our awareness of the full, diverse, inclusive nature of the Christ.
(If you don’t know the work of Jann Aldridge-Clanton, you should check her out right now at

While I don’t agree with Christians who always put Jesus and Christ together, as if Christ is Jesus’ last name (sometimes we even put an H in as a middle initial!), I also don’t agree with some progressive Christians who are interested only in the historical Jesus. I don’t have any argument with their passion for following Jesus as a model of compassion, liberation and justice. I follow that Jesus, too. But I also believe in the cosmic Christ, who is present in the Eucharist and in many and various mystical ways.

Like a good Lutheran, I recognize that we live in a ‘both/and’ rather than an ‘either/or world’. For me, Christianity is about being both a follower of the historical Jesus and a devotee of the cosmic Christ: Wisdom, Logos, Tao, the Name that Cannot Be Named, Mystery. See, just as I don’t like being limited by representational art, I have trouble with names, too!

But no matter, the Christ is big enough to encompass all of our efforts at conceptualizing and understanding. You can’t get any more relevant than that.


Posted by: smstrouse | April 11, 2015

Is Jesus Relevant in the 21st Century?

Blonde-JesusSo you say you’re a follower of Jesus. OK, but which Jesus?
Blonde Jesus? Jewish Jesus? Black Jesus? White Jesus? Zen Jesus? Jedi Jesus?





Christianity_Jesus_meditating_golden_lightJedi JesusAmerican-actor-Ted-Neeley-takes-part-in-a-rehearsal-of-the-show-Jesus-Christ-Superstar-AFP-800x430                                                                         Superstar Jesus?

Maybe you’re a fan of Bruce Chilton’s “Rabbi Jesus” or John Dominic Crossan’s “Mediterranean Jewish Peasant,” Sarah Bessey’s “Jesus Feminist” or Reza Aslan’s “Zealot.”

Any way you look at it, Jesus is a popular figure – as a figure of belief and/or devoUnknowntion as well as a target for poking fun. Check out the Jesus action figure with glow-in-the-dark hands I got for my birthday last year.

What is it about this guy that holds our interest? And does he really have any relevance to us in our 21st century lives? Many would say no way. Others, who have dropped out of the church, might claim to be “followers of Jesus” but not want to be identified as a Christian (too much historical baggage with that). However, people of other religious traditions do have high regard for Jesus. My Jewish friends love when I refer to Rabbi Jesus. And Jesus was quoted many times at the Sufism Symposium two weeks ago.

In my opinion, the more we continue to distinguish the historical Jesus from the cosmic Christ, the more we can reclaim the radical, subversive message of compassion, liberation and justice that Jesus taught. And the more we can embody that message and act like we believe in that vision, the better others will be able to see the real Jesus – no matter how we end up painting his picture.

The 21st century needs compassion, liberation and justice just as much (or more) as the 1st century. You don’t have to be a Christian or a follower of Jesus to believe and live that. But for those of us who do identify as such, there’s no reason to hide it. I am a Christian. I am a follower of the ethics of the realm of God that Jesus proclaimed. That realm is as relevant as ever. And I want to be part of it.

Who’s with me?!



Posted by: smstrouse | April 3, 2015

The Tomb Is Open: Dare to Come Out into the Light!

the-cosmic-christ-sister-rebecca-shinasYears ago, I went through a spiritual awakening, a transformational  experience. The memory stays with me today and has informed my life and ministry. Call it mystical or spiritual (you can even call me delusional, I don’t care). I call it resurrection: a calling forth from the tomb of shame, depression and despair.

That is why I absolutely love and agree with the presenters in the “Resurrection” segment of our Lent series, Saving Jesus. Their emphasis was not so much on The Resurrection (the ‘of Jesus’ kind), but on the resurrections that can happen any day, in anyone’s life – before and after death. In fact, it was the ‘before death’ kind we talked most about that evening.  ,  Living the Questions

Of course, this Sunday is Easter Sunday, when we remember The Seeing+Risen+ChristResurrection – whatever that was. There’s been a lot of speculation back and forth by many about just what did happen, as well as the absolute certainty of many others that they know exactly what happened. But – as the series pointed out: even the gospel writers don’t agree.

But the late Marcus Borg gets the prize for best answer: “The emphasis upon the tomb really being empty that’s made by some Christians and the emphasis that Jesus rose in a physical, bodily way from the dead is really a distraction.”

40130Something happened. I have no doubt about that. But I can’t explain it any more than I can explain what happened to me years ago. Whatever happened to me was wondrous, life-changing, transformational, joyous, wanting to be shared. Life suddenly went from black and white to technicolor. For me, that was Easter; that was resurrection.

So, yes, to to emphasize only the resurrection of Jesus long ago, misses the point. To argue about or insist upon what actually, literally happened, is truly a distraction.

The point is that Divine Creativity is at work in the world. That life-giving, life-jesus-resurrection.jpg.crop_displayempowering Presence can roll away stones from the tombs that imprison us – whatever they are. I’m not talking about a magical, fix-it, Santa Claus, fairy godmother who will grant our every wish. I’m talking about an opening up of dreams we’ve forgotten and possibilities we never even knew existed.

The thing is, though, there’s risk involved in being open to such cosmic wonder. We might come out of the tomb into a life that is very different. And as uncomfortable as the tomb may have been, it’s the one we’ve known. It will take courage to come out into the light. Many will not; freedom is just too scary.

This Easter, I will celebrate resurrection life. I will give thanks for Jesus, who showed us the way through death itself. No matter what happened at his tomb, I truly do believe that something wonderful happened to him and that his followers experienced glimpses and glimmers of that wonder.

I also truly do believe that creative, transformational energy is available to each and every one of us. And I’ll celebrate that too.

Don’t be distracted by beliefs or unbeliefs in an historic empty tomb. The stone in front of your tomb is waiting to be rolled away. Are you ready to come out into the light?





Posted by: smstrouse | March 28, 2015

Holy Week, Foot Washing and Human Trafficking

imagesI saw one of those fun quizzes on Facebook recently that I couldn’t resist:  “Which Saint Has Your Myers-Briggs Personality?”

I got St. Catherine of Siena because, it said, “You absolutely love contemplating unity with Christ and the beauty of the Eucharist during Maundy Thursday. It’s so fulfilling. You especially love to contemplate this while hiding in the bathroom during the foot washing portion.”

When I read that to a friend, she exclaimed, “That is so you!” And so it is. I’ve always loved the Maundy Thursday aspect of the institution of Holy Communion. And I’ve never, ever once in my 25 years of parish ministry planned a service that included foot washing. I will modify that to say that I’ve participated in such a service the past two years because we’ve had joint services with two other congregations. So I went along. But, yeah, I wanted to hide out in the bathroom.

I’m grateful to St. Catherine for assuring me that I’m not alone. But the quiz tnb_pic2results also got me thinking about another form of foot washing, that is the lovely scented bath that precedes a pedicure. From there my mind went to the seminar we had several years ago about human trafficking, where we learned that women who work in nail salons are often victims of trafficking for prostitution and/or forced labor. Ever since I’ve been mindful of the usually young, usually Asian women who wash my feet. I’ve read articles on how to look for signs of trafficking and frequent places I know are reputable. Still, knowing that this problem exists is troubling. And I’ve been pondering how it fits in with the message of Maundy Thursday.

Then I heard about another congregation, St. Luke’s Lutheran Church in Chicago, which did somethingweb_Washingfeet1 extraordinary this year. In preparation for Maundy Thursday for washing, they gathered together a team of podiatrists and podiatrists-in-training to provide foot care images-1to some of the members of the church, as well as members of the community who are served by their food pantry and community dinners.

I’m intrigued with the idea of re-imagining Maundy Thursday’s foot washing tradition as a way to concretely, not just symbolically, serve the needs of the people around us. In a city like San Francisco, which has one of the highest homeless populations in the country, there is ample opportunity to offer foot care that’s not a spa day luxury, but a health care necessity.

San Francisco is also a center for human trafficking. Maundy Thursday could be a day to promote awareness of the issue, publish warning signs and resources, and include survivors, victims and the agencies who work to eradicate trafficking in our worship service.

You might have other creative ideas.

As we seek to translate ancient rituals into modern ways of thinking and being, I wonder how we can convey the humble servitude of Maundy Thursday foot washing in our post-modern, post-Christian, spiritual-but-not-religious city. And if we can, I might even come out of the bathroom.


Posted by: smstrouse | March 21, 2015

Is God a Circle or a Triangle?


imagesBeing is God’s circle and in this circle all creatures exist. – Meister Eckhart

I’m much happier thinking of God as a circle. But I know that’s not the usual way of imagining heaven, earth, God, us, etc. It’s more like a triangle, with God at the top and everything else at the bottom. Think about it: we sing words like “Glory to God in the highest” and “Word of God, come down on earth.”

marriage-triangle-21At its best, it’s an image of love watching over us, a power greater than ourselves looking beneficently down on us. At its worst, it’s a threatening behavior control tool.

But even assuming the best sense of it, I resonate so much more with Meister Eckhart, and with the philospoher Empedocles who said,  “The nature of God is a circle of which the center is everywhere and the circumference is nowhere.”

I heard a Native American speaker this past week talking about just this. His point was that in order to really address the ecological issues facing our planet, we need to bet away from the hierarchical view of the world, including our concept of the Divine Presence (he wouldn’t have named that God, but it makes sense nonetheless). In the circle, everyone is equal. Even leadership is shared. Power has a different meaning from the top-down, coercive model we’re used to.

But much of the language of our liturgies, prayers, hymns and doctrines reflect the sky-god who either comes down to rescue us or threatens judgement over us.

Not all. We’ve been using a song for our midweek evening prayer services during Lent – “You Are the Centre” by Margaret Rizza, which begins “You are the centre, you are my life; You are the centre, O Lord, of my life.”

We also pay attention to the language we use in prayers: are we asking for a divine rescue operation or for deep connection to Presence which will enable us to do the work of healing the world? What are we asking for in an invocation: for God to come to us, when in reality God is always here?

It takes initiative, intentionality and work to make a shift from triangle to circle (I’m not talking about the Trinity here; that’s for another day). But I firmly believe that language matters.  Christianity has a lot to learn from the indigenous traditions, from Eastern religions, from our own mystics about the interconnectedness of all beings. We have begun. May we all recognize our place in the Divine Circle!



Posted by: smstrouse | March 14, 2015

Religious Girls Just Want to Have Fun

p02bm042OK, we’re going to take a little break from the quiet, reflectiveness of Lent to talk about – fun! If you haven’t seen the YouTube video of Sister Cristina Scuccia singing Girls Just Want to Have Fun on the Italian version of The Voice, do it now – right now!

I love Suora Cristina. Not just because she has a great voice, and certainly not because she’s a novelty “singing nun” act. I love her energy, her wit  – and her unabashed self-identification as a person of faith.

Trasmissione Eurovision Song ContestBut what I found really interesting was the reaction of the judges when they turned arou10579-pelund and saw who was singing. Her audition video is worth watching just for the reactions of the fouNoemi_onstage_in_Rome_2009r celebrity judges: the “devilisr22KD5tlXZhly” handsome rock star; the heavily tattooed rapper; the popular singer/dancer/actress; and the pop/blues
singer-songwriter. The video is worth watching just for them.  

It’s obvious that they had a hard time accepting that a nun could sing, dance and joke around – that a religious girl could sometimes just want to have fun. They were amazed. J-Ax, the rapper declared that if Sister Cristina had been around when he grew up in the church, he’d be pope by now. Raffaella Carrà folded her hands as if in prayer.

Granted, this was Italy. The judges on the American version wouldn’t have been exclaiming “Mama mia!” But I don’t think we’re any less amazed that  a religious person, be they a nun, priegap9623.1-lgst or pastor, could actually like to have fun. I often tell the story of when I bought my little red Honda del Sol back in 1993. I can’t count the times I heard, “But pastors can’t drive little red sports cars!” My response was always, “Show me where it says that in the Bible.”

I suppose we’re expected to be serious all the time, contemplating the theological meaning of life and going about doing good works with grim determination. But guess what: we can also have a sense of humor, like to dance, listen to popular music. We don’t flinch when you use a swear word in front of us (we’ve probably used it ourselves now and again). In other words, we’re human.

So, here we are in the middle of Lent. Maybe we all could use a break from being overly serious. How about if today your Lenten discipline is to be silly? Sing loudly in the shower? Dance in your living room to “Girls Just Want to Have Fun”? Tell a dumb joke? Roll down a hill? You pick.

I think Sister Cristina would say, “Just do it!”









Posted by: smstrouse | March 5, 2015

Is the Cross an Obsolete Symbol?

12-06-colorful-abstract-cross_P2We hired someone a few years ago to help us design a new logo for our church. One of the first designs she submitted had a cross in the center. When I saw it, my immediate reaction was, “They’re not going to go for this; it’s a cross.” Her incredulous response was, “But you’re a church!” Turns out I was right. The design was rejected.

For many progressive Christians, the cross has become a stumbling block – not for the same reasons Paul wrote about in I Corinthians 1:23 (“. . . but we proclaim Christ crucified, a stumbling-block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles”).

africa__congo__carved_wooden_crucifix_with_jesus_and_two_mourning_figures__1_thumb2_lgwThe reason is the rejection of the idea that God purposefully sent Jesus to die – what some have called “divine child abuse.” In fact, it’s the rejection of the very idea of the need for a ransom or payment or substitution for humanity’s fallen state. It is not rejection of the reality of sin within the human experience or our need for confession, forgiveness, reconciliation – with God and with others. The cross is seen as what it was: an instrument of terror, torture and death, used by the forces of empire to control occupied people. And Jesus was killed, not to save us from our sins, but because he was a threat to the Roman empire.

So if that’s the case, should we keep the cross as the central symbol of Christianity? In 2013, the Episcopal Cathedral of St. Paul in Boston said “no.” They chose the design of a cross-section of a nautilus shell against a blue background, to be backlit at night. The Dean of St. Paul’s said that the nautilus is “the perfect metaphor for a spiritual journey.”

The artist wh8743169960_8f84e88b52_bo created it explained, “I wanted to find a symbol, an image, that would speak to everyone and be beautiful. The spiral is the most ubiquitous shape in the universe.  It’s in the movement of subatomic particles and it’s in the vastness of galaxies.  So if you’re thinking about God, or even if you don’t believe in God, the spiral, I think, can still speak to people.”

As you can imagine, controversy ensued.


I love the nautilus symbol and totally get the reasoning behind the Cathedral’s decision. However, I’m not ready to throw out the cross. But, like so much of Christianity’s language and symbolism, it needs to be reinterpreted. We have so much new knowledge of science, new biblical studies, new awareness of the harm that Christianity has often done under the banner of the cross. How can we communicate a message of the cross as symbol of compassion and hope?

That message has always been there. Divine power is revealed in suffering and weakness of the cross, not in strength and glory (despite Constantine’s use of a cross on his military standard.)

Richard Rohrer, the Franciscan priest and writer, says it best: “I believe that human consciousness is now finally ready to accept that Jesus’ sacrifice was made to transform us, to reveal a God who is self-giving, suffering love. Jesus died to reveal the nature of the heart of God.”

3959181-abstract-blue-cross-on-white-background-Stock-PhotoI do not believe that sacrifice was a pre-ordained plan. I do believe that in the willing act of going to the cross, Jesus showed us that suffering is not the final answer. Hope, healing and transformation come about in the midst of our own very real circumstances of pain, suffering and death. I believe this because my times of greatest healing, most profound self-discovery and spiritual growth have come about in the process of recognizing, feeling and working through my own suffering.

I love the nautilus shell symbol for different reasons. But I love the cross for telling it like it is. As the Buddhists say and as M. Scott Peck wrote in The Road Less Traveled, “Life is difficult. This is a great truth, one of the greatest truths.” The cross reminds me of this. But beyond that, the cross is a reminder of Divine love for humanity and the promise of new possibilities. And I’m going to stick with that!






Posted by: smstrouse | February 27, 2015

Saving Jesus from the Apocaplyse

c755b2b4bc8c723a1a0268de88ab1ae5Holy Doomsday! I didn’t get the memo. Until now. Thankfully I received an email telling me: “Worldwide, everyone feels that the prophesied Apocalypse is very close.” It also offered links to helpful articles, such as “Another PROOF that the 4 April 2015 Blood Moon will start the 150-day Apocalypse!”

As I wondered why my spam filter let this through, I also thought about our discussion group just the day before on “What Can We Know about Jesus (and How?)” – part of the Saving Jesus DVD series. Promo materials ask: “Ever feel like Jesus has been kidnapped by the Christian Right and discarded by the Secular Left?”

It includes offerings from a diverse range of contemporary theologians, biblical scholars and just plain folks talking about a progressive way of thinking about Jesus, the Bible and Christianity in general.
(you can find out more about it at http://www.livingthequestions.coUnknownm)

The theme question for each session is: “What element or learning from this session do you think will be most important in “Saving Jesus” in the 21st century?” After this week’s  juxtaposition of Saving Jesus and The Prophesied Apocalypse,  I’d say that it’s the importance of getting the word out about a Christianity that isn’t based on intimidation and fear.

Granted, the “Blood Moon will start the 150-day Apocalypse” fringe is just that – the fringe. But there’s enough bad religion out there being done in the name of Jesus to warrant a rescue operation. Some members of our discussion group even lamented the inclusion of “Jesus” in the title, wondering if some might not understand that it wasn’t about “that kind of religion.”

Christianity_Jesus_meditating_golden_lightWe’ve got a lot of work to do, folks, if we want to be a voice for Jesus in the midst of the  Christian Right and Secular Left. My greatest hope is that people – even those who have been hurt or rejected in the past, those who don’t know anything about religion or the Bible, those who don’t agree with all the doctrines of the church, those who don’t know what they believe – will find a safe place to discuss all of these things.

And if you can’t find such a place, the good news is that you can start one! Get a copy of Saving Jesus – and let the conversation begin!




Posted by: smstrouse | February 19, 2015

Is Lent the Christian Ramadan?

B88WakmIIAEzTOOI’m intrigued by the story of Muslims who have decided to fast during the Christian season of Lent.  The article in The Huffington Post (click here) reports that “In a display of solidarity and interfaith appreciation, some Muslims are pledging to fast alongside their Christian neighbors this year, and they hope it will become an annual tradition.”

How cool is that?! I have always loved being invited to Ramadan iftar dinners in which Muslims break their daily fast. But I’ve never gone so far as to actually fast beforehand!

And now it’s Lent – the traditional time for Christians to take on the disciple of fasting. Of course for us it’s a bit different. We don’t go in for the whole day thing. Some of us will give up something for Lent – like chocolate or smoking or Facebook. But some will take on something instead; one year I took on a project of memorizing and reflecting on two poems that I found meaningful. Fasting the way that it’s done in Ramadan would be a big stretch for mB89ISmbIEAA7_NUost of us.

One of the Muslim speakers in First United’s Pluralism Summer series spoke about her love of Ramadan, how she looked forward to the discipline of the fast and the meaning that it brought to her and her family. I couldn’t help wondering how many Christians looked forward to Lent. And once again I thought about how people of other religious traditions bring valuable gifts to the table. We could, I thought back then, learn a lot from Muslims who practice daily prayer and observe the Ramadan fast.

So I think it’s very cool that these Muslims are joining us Christians during our holy season. They bring new perspective and new life to an ancient tradition.

Following their example, maybe next Ramadan, I will actually fast before the iftar.






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